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                    2020內蒙古在職碩士備考-語篇閱讀訓練-patient learning 2

                    2019-06-17 17:50:51| 來源:內蒙古考研

                    語篇訓練1:

                    Patient learning 1

                    A new kind of online school wants to teach nursing, and more

                    The firm devotes about a third of its time and resources to finding jobs for its graduates, an unusually high share. Another third goes to recruiting students and the rest to teaching. Courses are created with employers’ requirements in mind. For its web-development programme, the list given to Lambda by companies runs to 280 items. Unlike coding, nursing cannot be taught entirely over the internet, so Lambda wants to co-operate with nursing schools across America that could provide the necessary hands-on instruction.

                    After nursing, Lambda plans to work its way down the list of professions with the biggest job shortages. It is also examining the problem from the other side, identifying available jobs that require skills akin to those of victims of automation—truckers displaced by self-driving lorries or call-centre workers replaced by robocalls.

                    Lambda’s quirks set it apart in Silicon Valley, but Mr Allred is not the first to recognise the value of work-focused education and training. Germany is famed for its widespread vocational training and apprenticeships. Closer to California, the University of Waterloo, a technology-oriented Canadian institution, has had gainful employment within the field of study as one of its core goals since it was founded 62 years ago. Students seeking an internship can enroll in a special scheme which matches them with firms. Norah McRae, who runs the programme, says that most universities spend little time finding work for the graduates, or teaching the skills they need to prosper in the job market. Too often students are treated as cash cows to be milked for research funding.

                    But Ms McRae is also concerned that programmes like Lambda School, though well-meaning, risk undermining existing educational institutions by offering a quicker route to work. The kind of intense optimisation which Lambda espouses cannot, she worries, replace conventional learning, which strives to create not just capable workers but rounded individuals.

                    Such fears presuppose that Lambda can succeed beyond even Mr Allred’s wildest dreams—or those of the venture capitalists who pumped $30m into the firm in January, valuing it at $150m. Student numbers, and so upfront costs, are growing faster than revenues. If Lambda can turn a profit by offering people a stab at a decent job, that would be a fine lesson in capitalism.

                    語篇參考翻譯

                    學習護理

                    一種新型網校想要教授護理和其他很多職業技能

                    蘭姆達將三分之一左右的時間和資源花在為畢業學員找工作上,這么高的比重不常見。另外三分之一用于招生,三分之一用于教學。課程是根據雇主的要求而設計的。在它的網站開發課程中,企業開給蘭姆達的需求多達280項。而護理有別于編程,不可能完全通過互聯網教授,因此蘭姆達希望與全美各地能提供必要操作實訓的護校合作。

                    在開展護理培訓后,蘭姆達還計劃逐個進軍其他人員最緊缺的職業。同時它也從另一面審視問題,為那些被自動化淘汰的人員(例如被無人駕駛貨車取代的卡車司機,或者被自動語音呼叫取代的呼叫中心員工)找到需要類似技能的就業崗位。

                    蘭姆達的另類做法在硅谷獨樹一幟,但要說認識到以工作為導向的教育與培訓的價值的,奧爾雷德并非第一人。德國就以職業培訓和學徒制的普及而聞名。離加州更近些的滑鐵盧大學是加拿大一所技術型大學。自62年前創辦以來,該校一直將找到與學生專業對口的較高收入工作作為自己的核心目標之一。想找實習機會的學生可以注冊一個將他們與企業相匹配的特別項目。負責該項目的諾拉·麥克雷(Norah McRae)表示,多數大學很少花時間幫助畢業生就業,也很少教授他們在就業市場獲得成功所需的技能。很多時候,學生們都被當成了撈取研究經費的搖錢樹。

                    但麥克雷也擔心,像蘭姆達學校這樣的培訓項目雖然出發點不錯,但可能會因為提供就業上的捷徑而損害現有的教育體系。她擔心蘭姆達倡導的那種密集型的優化培訓并非是對傳統教育的一種好的替代,因為后者致力培養的不僅是能勝任工作的員工,還是全面發展的個體。

                    不過這種擔憂成立的前提是蘭姆達取得的成功要遠遠超出奧爾雷德本人的想象——或者那些今年1月向蘭姆達投資3000萬美元、對其估值1.5億美元的風險投資家們的想象。目前,學生人數的增長以及由此帶來的前期成本的增速——超過了收入的增速。如果蘭姆達能通過幫助人們拿下一份體面工作來贏利,那還真會是資本主義的一條有益經驗。

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